Two-fluid, two-dimensional model for pneumatic drying

I. Skuratovsky, A. Levy, I. Borde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Pneumatic drying is a widely used process in the chemical industries and includes simultaneous conveying and heat and mass transfer between the particles and the heat gas. The increase in the use of this unit operation requires reliable mathematical models to predict processes in the industrial facilities. In the present study a Two-Fluid model has been used for modeling the flow of particulate materials through pneumatic dryer. The model was solved for a two-dimensional steady-state condition and considering axial and radial profiles for the flow variables. A two-stage drying process was implemented. In the first drying stage, heat transfer controls evaporation from the saturated outer surface of the particle to the surrounding gas. At the second stage, the particles were assumed to have a wet core and a dry outer crust; the evaporation process of the liquid from a particle is assumed to be governed by diffusion through the particle crust and by convection into the gas medium. As evaporation proceeds, the wet core shrinks while the particle dries. The numerical procedure includes discretization of calculation domain into torus-shaped final volumes, solving conservation equations by implementation of the SIMPLE (Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations) algorithm and controls over coupling of phases by IPSA (Interphase Slip Algorithm). The developed model was applied to simulate a drying process of wet PVC particles in a large-scale pneumatic dryer and to a drying process of wet sand in a laboratory-scale pneumatic dryer. The numerical solutions are compared successfully with the results of independent numerical and experimental investigations. Following the model validation, the two-dimensional distributions of the flow characteristics were examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1645-1668
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2003


  • Pneumatic dryer
  • Pneumatic drying
  • Two-fluid model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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