Typology of ICT Implementation and Technology Applications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This paper presents a typology of information and communication technology (ICT) integration into schools, demonstrates the typology by three case studies, and provides a discussion related to each. Based on the organizational learning approach, the typology will show that ICT use depends more on organizational arrangement than on ICT itself. The typology dimensions include two types of implementation processes, which differ with regard to the teacher's role, teaching methods, and time and space configuration, and two types of technology, which differ in ICT practices. The typology presents four types of ICT integration: traditional,"jet carriage," emergence, and exploitation. Three Israeli schools, which successfully implemented innovative pedagogy using ICT, serve as a case study for the three latter types. Implications of ICT inclusion in schooling are discussed and suggestions for further research presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationType II Uses of Technology in Education
Subtitle of host publicationProjects, Case Studies, and Software Applications
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9780203051672
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2012


  • "Jet carriage"
  • Double-loop learning
  • Emergence
  • Exploration
  • Implementation
  • Information and communication technology (ICT)
  • Organizational learning
  • Single-loop learning
  • Teacher role
  • Teaching methods
  • Theory-in-use
  • Time and space configuration
  • Traditional
  • Type I technology applications
  • Type II technology applications


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