Ulipristal acetate before in vitro fertilization: Efficacy in infertile women with submucous fibroids

Giuseppe Morgante, Gabriele Centini, Libera Troìa, Raoul Orvieto, Vincenzo De Leo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The presence of submucous fibroids strongly impacts on IVF results, therefore, these patients should be considered for surgical or medical treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the role of Ulipristal acetate (UPA), a selective progesterone receptor modulator, in restoring uterine cavity deformation due to submucous fibroids, in infertile patients attempting an IVF treatment. The secondary study outcome was to evaluate the impact of preconception UPA treatment on rate of biochemical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, and live birth compared to a control group without fibroids. Methods: Infertile patients with submucosal fibroid (Type 1 and Type 2 according to FIGO classification) were enrolled in the study as fibroids group and received 1 to 3 treatment cycles of UPA, according to their response, as reflected by fibroid volume reduction and restoration of normal uterine cavity. Patients in control group were randomly selected from a general IVF cohort by a ratio of 2:1 with fibroids group, matched by age, BMI, type and cause of infertility and antral follicle count. The impact of UPA on fibroids volume reduction was evaluated. IVF outcome was compared between groups. Results: Twenty-six patients underwent UPA treatment revealed a mean volume reduction of their fibroids of 41%. A total of 15 (57.6%) biochemical pregnancy were obtained, resulting in 13 (50%) ongoing pregnancy and 9 (34.6%) healthy babies were already delivered. Similar results were obtained in control group. Conclusion: Restoration of normal uterine cavity by UPA treatment prior to IVF treatment avoids surgery and establishes a pregnancy rate comparable to a control group without fibroids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number50
JournalReproductive Biology and Endocrinology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assisted reproductive technology
  • In vitro fertilization
  • Submucous fibroids
  • Ulipristal acetate
  • Uterine leiomyomas

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