Ultrasound Doppler Probing of Flows Transverse with Respect to Beam Axis

Vernon L. Newhouse, Dan Censor, Thomas Vontz, Jose A. Cisneros, Barry B. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Scopus citations


It is an accepted fact that transverse Doppler effects of the first order in v/c are nonexistent for all physical wave phenomena, including acoustics, i.e., the Doppler effect is zero for radiation normal to the direction of motion. However, this statement assumes that the incident field is a plane wave, which is not true in general for finite aperture sources. Consequently, the probing of flows transverse to the axis of finite diameter beams, particularly focused beams, is feasible. This geometry will be advantageous in many applications where the classical orientation of the sound beam, oblique to the flow, is not possible. With this motivation in mind, the theory and experimental feasibility of measuring Doppler spectra in transverse geometries is presently investigated. The comparison of flow flux measurements, and measurements performed using a standard ultrasound pulsed Doppler system, show that flow normal to the axis of a focused transducer can be measured with an accuracy comparable to that obtained with the conventional oblique orientation. The measured Doppler spectra are shown to agree well with theory. Although the experiments have been performed for acoustical waves, the present results should also be applicable to electromagnetic systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-789
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering


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