Ultrathin nanofiltration membrane with polydopamine-covalent organic framework interlayer for enhanced permeability and structural stability

Mengyuan Wu, Jinqiu Yuan, Hong Wu, Yanlei Su, Hao Yang, Xinda You, Runnan Zhang, Xueyi He, Niaz Ali Khan, Roni Kasher, Zhongyi Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

234 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanofiltration is a promising technology towards desalination and water purification. However, the pursuit for separation efficiency was hampered by the thick and less controllable selective layer. Herein, the ultrathin composite membranes with enhanced nanofiltration (NF) performance were achieved by interfacial polymerization mediated by polydopamine (PDA)-covalent organic framework (COF) interlayer. The hybrid interlayer with exceptional surface hydrophilicity and high porosity controlled the adsorption/diffusion of amine monomers during the interfacial polymerization process and generated an ultrathin and dense polyamide (PA) layer, which was immensely reduced from 79 nm to 11 nm in thickness. The PA/PDA-COF/PAN nanofiltration membrane exhibited desirable desalination ratio (93.4% for Na2SO4) and dye rejection (94.5% for Orange GII), along with outstanding water permeation flux of 207.07 L m−2 h−1 MPa−1, 3 times higher than that of commercial NF membranes with similar solute rejection. Moreover, the hybrid interlayer significantly strengthened the interfacial interaction between the PA layer and the polyacrylonitrile (PAN) support, rendering the composite membrane with superior structural stability. The proposed strategy provided novel insight into the rational design of multifunctional interlayer to manipulate interfacial polymerization for high-performance PA membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-141
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume576
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Covalent organic framework
  • High flux
  • Interfacial polymerization
  • Nanofiltration membrane
  • Structural stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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