Undernitrition among Bedouin Arab infants: The Bedouin Infant Feeding Study

M. R. Forman, K. S. Guptill, D. N. Chang, B. Sarov, H. W. Berendes, L. Naggan, G. L. Hundt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Two hundred seventy-four healthy Bedouin Arab newborns in 1981 were followed for 18 mo to examine the relationship between infant-feeding practices and growth during planned social change. Although wasting was not prevalent, the prevalence rate of stunting (≤ -2 SDs) increased from 12% to 19% to 32% at 6, 12, and 18 mo, respectively. After multiple-logistic-regression adjustment for covariates, the odds ratio (OR) of stunting at 6 mo was reduced among infants breast-fed only or fed with supplement compared with weaned infants. Infant-feeding practices were not associated with stunting in later infancy; however, those stunted at 6 mo had an OR of 13 of stunting at 12 mo and those stunted at 12 mo had an OR of 14 of stunting at 18 mo. In a multiple-linear-regression analysis, seasonality, duration of breast-feeding, hospitalized morbidity, and residual of height at 6 mo were negatively associated with daily average linear growth from 6 to 12 mo; these factors only explained 12% of the variation in daily linear growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-349
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • growth
  • infant feeding
  • nutritional status
  • social change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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