Unilateral postoperative deep cerebral venous thrombosis with complete recovery: A report of 2 cases

Mony Benifla, Suzzanne Laughlin, Zulma S. Tovar-Spinoza, James T. Rutka, Peter B. Dirks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Postsurgical deep brain venous thrombosis has not been well described in children before. When approaching thalamic or intraventricular lesions, extra care should be taken to prevent injury to the internal cerebral veins (ICVs) and the vein of Galen. However, even when they are well preserved during surgery, postoperative hemodynamic changes, mainly in the first 24 h, or surgical manipulation can cause thrombosis of these veins. We report 2 children with unilateral postoperative ICV thrombosis; in 1 of the patients the vein of Galen was also thrombosed. Although both patients had altered sensorium initially, no anticoagulation therapy was given, and they both recovered well. When approaching thalamic or intraventricular lesions, extra care should be taken to prevent injury to the ICV and the vein of Galen. The surgeon should respect the deep brain venous system when approaching midline structures. Both the neurosurgeon and the neuroradiologist should be aware of this possible complication in order to make a prompt diagnosis and to offer proper treatment if needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-210
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Neurosurgery
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Internal cerebral vein
  • Pediatric neurosurgery
  • Postoperative deep brain venous thrombosis
  • Thrombosis
  • Vein of Galen

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