Universe explosions

Ram Brustein, Maximilian Schmidt-Sommerfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A scenario for a quantum big crunch to big bang transition is proposed. We first clarify the similarities between this transition and the final stages of black hole evaporation. The black hole and the universe are thought of as quantum states. The importance of an external observer for understanding the big crunch to big bang transition is emphasized. Then, relying on the similarities between the black hole and the universe, we propose that the transition should be described as an explosion that connects the contracting phase to the expanding one. The explosion occurs when entropy bounds are saturated, or equivalently when the states cease to be semiclassically (meta)stable. We discuss our scenario in three examples: collapsing dust, a brane universe falling into a bulk black hole in anti-de Sitter space, and a contracting universe filled with a negative cosmological constant and a small amount of matter. We briefly discuss the late time observables that may carry some information about the state of the universe before the transition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number47
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • AdS-CFT Correspondence
  • Black Holes
  • Spacetime Singularities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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