Unplanned out-of-hospital birth—short and long-term consequences for the offspring

Gil Gutvirtz, Tamar Wainstock, Daniella Landau, Eyal Sheiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The unpredictable nature of childbirth infrequently results in unplanned out-of-hospital birth, in a pre-hospital setting. We evaluated the perinatal and long-term outcome of children accidentally born out-of-hospital. This was a population-based analysis of singleton deliveries occurring at a single tertiary hospital. The maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcome of unplanned out-of-hospital births were compared with in-hospital attended deliveries. Long-term cumulative incidence of hospitalizations (up to 18 years) involving respiratory, neurological, endocrine or infectious morbidity were evaluated using Kaplan–Meier survival curves and Cox regression models were used to control for confounders. In total, 243,682 deliveries were included, and 1.5% (n = 3580) were unplanned out-of-hospital births. Most occurred in multiparous women, and about a quarter of these women had inadequate prenatal care. Perinatal mortality rate was significantly higher for out-of-hospital births as compared with in-hospital births (OR = 2.9; 95% CI 2.2–3.8, p < 0.001). Kaplan–Meier survival curves demonstrated a significantly lower cumulative incidence of hospitalizations of children born out-of-hospital and the Cox models showed that hospitalization rates involving any of the above morbidities were significantly lower in children born out-of-hospital. While perinatal mortality was higher in unplanned out-of-hospital births, offspring born out-of-hospital showed a lower incidence of hospitalizations involving a variety of morbidities, possibly owing to under-utilization of healthcare services in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number339
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 25 Jan 2020


  • Accidental
  • Follow-up
  • Hospitalization
  • Long-term
  • Mortality
  • Out-of-hospital
  • Unplanned

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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