Unravelling the multi-faceted regulatory role of polyamines in plant biotechnology, transgenics and secondary metabolomics

Samapika Nandy, Tuyelee Das, Champa Keeya Tudu, Tulika Mishra, Mimosa Ghorai, Vijaykumar Shivaji Gadekar, Uttpal Anand, Manoj Kumar, Tapan Behl, Nusrat K. Shaikh, Niraj Kumar Jha, Mahipal S. Shekhawat, Devendra Kumar Pandey, Padmanabh Dwivedi, Radha, Abhijit Dey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Abstract: Polyamines (PAs) are ubiquitous low-molecular-weight, aliphatic compounds with wide as well as complex application in fundamental areas of plant growth and development. PAs are mediator of basic metabolism of organisms which include cell division and differentiation, biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, reversal of oxidative damage, stabilization of nucleic acids, and protein and phospholipid binding. In plants, it attributes in direct and indirect organogenesis, endogenous phytohormone regulation, cellular compartmentalization, fruit and flower development, senescence, and secondary metabolite production which are highly tuned as first line of defense response. There are several aspects of polyamine-directed mechanism that regulate overall plant growth in vitro and in vivo. In the present review, we have critically discussed the role played by polyamine on the enhanced production of bioactive natural products and how the same polyamines are functioning against different environmental stress conditions, i.e., salinity, drought, high CO2 content, herbivory, and physical wounding. The role of polyamines on elicitation process has been highlighted previously, but it is important to note that its activity as growth regulator under in vitro condition is correlated with an array of intertwined mechanism and physiological tuning. Medicinal plants under different developmental stages of micropropagation are characterized with different functional aspects and regulatory changes during embryogenesis and organogenesis. The effect of precursor molecules as well as additives and biosynthetic inhibitors of polyamines in rhizogenesis, callogenesis, tuberization, embryogenesis, callus formation, and metabolite production has been discussed thoroughly. The beneficial effect of exogenous application of PAs in elicitation of secondary metabolite production, plant growth and morphogenesis and overall stress tolerance are summarized in this present work. Key points: • Polyamines (PAs) play crucial roles in in vitro organogenesis. • PAs elicitate bioactive secondary metabolites (SMs). • Transgenic studies elucidate and optimize PA biosynthetic genes coding SMs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)905-929
Number of pages25
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • Plant biotechnology
  • Polyamines
  • Putrescine
  • Secondary metabolomics
  • Transgenics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology


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