Unscrambling the Lensed Galaxies in JWST Images behind SMACS 0723

Massimo Pascale, Brenda L. Frye, Jose Diego, Lukas J. Furtak, Adi Zitrin, Tom Broadhurst, Christopher J. Conselice, Liang Dai, Leonardo Ferreira, Nathan J. Adams, Patrick Kamieneski, Nicholas Foo, Patrick Kelly, Wenlei Chen, Jeremy Lim, Ashish K. Meena, Stephen M. Wilkins, Rachana Bhatawdekar, Rogier A. Windhorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first deep field images from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) of the galaxy cluster SMACS J0723.3-7327 reveal a wealth of new lensed images at uncharted infrared wavelengths, with unprecedented depth and resolution. Here we securely identify 14 new sets of multiply imaged galaxies totaling 42 images, adding to the five sets of bright and multiply imaged galaxies already known from Hubble Space Telescope data. We find examples of arcs crossing critical curves, allowing detailed community follow-up, such as JWST spectroscopy for precise redshift determinations, and measurements of the chemical abundances and of the detailed internal gas dynamics of very distant, young galaxies. One such arc contains a pair of compact knots that are magnified by a factor of hundreds, and features a microlensed transient. We also detect an Einstein cross candidate only visible thanks to JWST’s superb resolution. Our parametric lens model is available through the following link (https://www.dropbox.com/sh/gwup2lvks0jsqe5/AAC2RRSKce0aX-lIFCc9vhBXa?dl=0) and will be regularly updated using additional spectroscopic redshifts. The model is constrained by 16 of these sets of multiply imaged galaxies, three of which have spectroscopic redshifts, and reproduces the multiple images to better than an rms of 0.″5, allowing for accurate magnification estimates of high-redshift galaxies. The intracluster light extends beyond the cluster members, exhibiting large-scale features that suggest a significant past dynamical disturbance. This work represents a first taste of the enhanced power JWST will have for lensing-related science.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL6
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume938
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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