Upper body quadrant pain in bus drivers

Deborah Alperovitch-Najenson, Michal Katz-Leurer, Yoav Santo, Diana Golman, Leonid Kalichman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of upper body quadrant pain among Israeli professional urban bus drivers and to evaluate the association between individual, ergonomic, and psychosocial risk factors and occurrence of neck pain. Three hundred and eightyfour male urban bus drivers were consecutively enrolled in the study. Data pertaining to work-related ergonomic and psychosocial stress factors were collected. The 12-month prevalence of neck pain was 21.2%, followed by shoulder: 14.7%, upper back: 8.3%, elbow: 3.0%, and wrist: 3.0% pain. Prevalence of neck pain was associated with uncomfortable seats (odds ratio; OR [95% confidence interval; CI]: 2.2 [1.2-4.3], back support (2.3 [1.2-4.2]), and steering wheel (2.2 [1.1-4.5]). Drivers with neck pain reported significantly higher prevalence of pain in the upper back (OR [95% CI]: 5.9 [2.7-12.9]), shoulders (8.1 [4.3-15.3]), and wrists (7.0 [2.0-21.8]) compared to drivers without neck pain. Work-related organizational stress factors were not associated with neck pain prevalence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-223
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Environmental and Occupational Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • Bus drivers
  • Neck pain
  • Psychosocial risk factors
  • Upper body quadrant pain
  • Work-related musculoskeletal disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • General Environmental Science
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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