The use of bone fragments to retouch stone tools is presently recognised as a widespread phenomenon in the Palaeolithic of Europe, since Middle Pleistocene times. However, in the Palaeolithic record outside Europe, evidence for the use of retouchers is scarce. With the sole exception of the late Lower Palaeolithic site of Qesem Cave (Israel), virtually no retouchers have been recognised in the Levant region. Here, we present the first evidence of this type of tool documented for the early Upper Palaeolithic of Manot Cave, western Galilee, Israel. Subsequently, we discuss the absence of retouchers in other Middle and Upper Pa laeolithic sites in the Levant, and suggest that either Levantine hominins did not habitually use bone retouchers, or researchers working in the Levant have not yet identified them as such.
|Title of host publication||The origins of bone tool technologies|
|Editors||Jarod M. Hutson|
|State||Published - 2017|
|Name||RGZM – Tagungen|