Upper respiratory tract infection during pregnancy: Is it associated with adverse perinatal outcome?

Liran Stiller-Timor, Amalia Levy, Gershon Holcberg, Eyal Sheiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We sought to determine whether there is an association between upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) requiring hospitalization during pregnancy and adverse perinatal complications. A retrospective population-based study comparing all singleton pregnancies of patients with and without URTI requiring hospitalization was performed. Multiple logistic regression models were performed to control for confounders. Data were collected from the computerized perinatal database. Out of 186,373 deliveries, 0.13% (n=246) required hospitalization due to URTI during pregnancy. URTI was significantly associated with preterm deliveries (PTD; 15.9% versus 7.9%; p<0.001), lower birth weight (3082624 versus 3183546 g; p<0.001), and higher rate of cesarean deliveries (CD; 20.3% versus 13.2%; p<0.001) as compared with the comparison group. Even after controlling for possible confounders using multivariable analyses, the significant association between URTI and PTD (weighted odds ratio [OR]=2.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6 to 3.1; p<0.001) and CD (weighted OR=1.5; 95% CI 1.1 to 2.2; p=0.020) persisted. In contrast, no significant association was documented between URTI and premature rapture of membranes (4.9% versus 6.9%; p=0.212), low Apgar scores (<7) at 5 minutes (0.4% versus 0.6%; p=0.761), and perinatal mortality (0 to 4% versus 1.3%; p=0.223). Maternal URTI requiring hospitalization is an independent risk factor for PTD and CD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-623
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Volume27
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Aug 2010

Keywords

  • URTI
  • cesarean delivery
  • low birth weight
  • preterm delivery

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