The late Triassic succession of the Asher-Atlit 1 borehole is over 1000 m thick, and is composed of reefal and associated facies interbedded with volcanics of Norian age. Only borehole cuttings are available. Microfacies classification and cement stratigraphy determined by optical and CL microscopy, allowed discrimination of six episodes of reef establishment, progradation, shallowing, and termination. Organic buildups are constructed of reef- building biota (sponges, possible corals, encrusting organisms) typical for the late Triassic of the Tethys. Reef- associated facies include fore-slope, central reef, ooid shoal, lagoonal, and supratidal environments. Cement zoning patterns trace diagenetic signatures which range from early neomorphic skeletal replacements and original marine cements, via characteristic burial sequences; depositional and diagenetic sequences are terminated by marginal marine intra- or supratidal conditions, and subaerial exposure with pedogenic overprints. Volcanic episodes tend to be associated with termination of carbonate sedimentation episodes, while volcanic quiescence and subsidence permit vertical progradation of reefal and associated facies. The depositional and progradational environment, rapid rate of sedimentation, periodicity, association with volcanics, and regional considerations, suggest a depositional setting on the rifted shelf-margin of the nascent Neo-Tethys, with a possible eustatic overprint.
|Number of pages||24|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2001|
- Late Triassic
ASJC Scopus subject areas