Use of Bamboo Powder Waste for Removal of Bisphenol A in Aqueous Solution

Maria R. Hartono, Ali Assaf, Gerald Thouand, Ariel Kushmaro, Xiaodong Chen, Robert S. Marks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The scarcity of clean water affecting many parts of the world encourages efforts to improve water reclamation processes, which rely on their capability to remove diverse types of water pollutants and contaminants. Thus, this study reports the application of bamboo fiber powders as potential low-cost sorbent for removal of noxious organic compounds in aqueous solution. Bisphenol A, a biorefractory endocrine disruptor compound, was chosen as model compound in order to easily follow the separation process. Principal component analysis of the FTIR spectra and BET surface area measurements were performed on treated bamboo fiber powders. Treatment of the raw powders with alkali, ionic and non-ionic surfactants appeared to improve the bisphenol A removal performance of the bamboo fiber powders with the best removal efficiency reached at 39 % for a sorbent dosage of 4 g L-1 gained after a bamboo treatment using the cationic surfactant. Effects of contact time, sorbent dosage, and particle sizes (55, 300, and 1000 μm) of cationic surfactant-treated bamboo fiber powders towards removal of bisphenol A were further assessed in a batch system with an optimum removal observed for 55 μm in particle size.

Original languageEnglish
Article number382
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Volume226
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Bamboo
  • Biosorbent
  • Bisphenol A
  • Surfactant

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