Use of TLD in evaluating diagnostic reference levels for some radiological examinations

D. Berni, C. Gori, B. Lazzari, S. Mazzocchi, F. Rossi, G. Zatelli, Y. S. Horowitz, L. Oster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The European Council Directive 97/43 introduces diagnostic reference levels (DRL) for all medical examinations involving ionising radiation. Each department has to evaluate patient dose and to compare that value with the DRL adopted by its member state. Italian law, applying the Directive, states that reference levels must be measured every 2 years. Quantities that must be measured are entrance surface dose or air kerma, or other dosimetric quantities. In our work, clinical measurements on patients were made by positioning a thermoluminescence dosemeter (TLD) over the skin of a statistically significant number of patients for each projection of each examination. As there is no national guideline for these measurements in Italy, the aim of this work was to establish a method based both on European publications and on clinical experience. Three different modalities were considered: conventional radiography, computed radiography and mammography. Accordingly, differently shaped types of TLD were required, especially for mammography where the beam energy is lower.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-413
Number of pages3
JournalRadiation Protection Dosimetry
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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