Usefulness of right ventricular dysfunction to predict new-onset atrial fibrillation following coronary artery bypass grafting

Avi Shimony, Jonathan Afilalo, Aidan W. Flynn, David Langleben, Arvin K. Agnihotri, Jean Francois Morin, David M. Shahian, Michael H. Picard, Lawrence G. Rudski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is a serious yet common complication after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Risk factors for postoperative AF have been identified, including echocardiographic parameters, and these are relied on to implement preventative strategies that reduce the incidence of AF. There has yet to be a study examining the impact of echocardiographic right-sided cardiac parameters on the prediction of postoperative AF. Thus, a panel of right-sided cardiac parameters was measured in a cohort of patients undergoing isolated CABG surgery, excluding those who did not have echocardiographic assessment within 30 days before surgery and those with any history of AF. The primary outcome was postoperative AF defined as any episode of AF requiring treatment during the index hospitalization. Postoperative AF occurred in 197 of 768 patients (25.6%); these were older and more likely to have hypertension and chronic kidney disease. After adjustment for clinical and echocardiographic variables, left atrial volume index ≥34 ml/m2 (odds ratio [OR] 1.98, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.36 to 2.87), abnormal right ventricular myocardial performance index (OR 1.50, 95% CI 1.01 to 2.24), and advancing age (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.07) were found to be independent predictors of postoperative AF. In conclusion, right ventricular myocardial performance index is a novel predictor of postoperative AF in patients undergoing isolated CABG surgery and appears to be additive to established risk factors such as age and left atrial volume.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)913-918
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume113
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Usefulness of right ventricular dysfunction to predict new-onset atrial fibrillation following coronary artery bypass grafting'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this