Using the VENµS Super-Spectral Camera for detecting moving vehicles

Manuel Salvoldi, Aviv L. Cohen-Zada, Arnon Karnieli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Monitoring transportation for planning, management, and security purposes has become a growing interest for various stakeholders. A methodology for detecting moving vehicles is based on the acquisition time gap between the pushbroom detector sub-arrays. However, this technique requires overcoming differences in ground sampling distance and/or spectral features of the sensor's bands used for change detection. The current work demonstrates a proof of concept for the VENµS satellite's capability to detect moving vehicles in a single pass with a relatively low spatial resolution. The VENµS Super-Spectral Camera has a unique stereoscopic capability because the two spectral bands, with the same central wavelength and width, are positioned at the extreme ends of the camera's focal plane. This design enables a 2.7-sec difference in observation time. The normalized difference moving object index (NDMOI) has been designed to detect moving vehicles using these bands without image preprocessing for dimensionality reduction or geometric corrections, as other sensors require. Results show the successful detection of small- to medium-sized moving vehicles. Especially interesting is the detection of private cars that are, on average, 2–3 m smaller than the VENµS ground sampling distance. Vehicle movement was effectively detected in different backgrounds/environments, e.g., on asphalt and unpaved roads, as well as over bare soil and plowed fields. Furthermore, a multitemporal analysis of moving vehicles during the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 shows the effectiveness of the proposed methodology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-48
Number of pages16
JournalISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022


  • Covid-19
  • Image acquisition time gap
  • Object detection
  • Spectral change detection
  • Speed and orientation determination
  • normalized difference moving object index (NDMOI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computers in Earth Sciences


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