Uterine rupture: Risk factors and pregnancy outcome

Keren Ofir, Eyal Sheiner, Amalia Levy, Miriam Katz, Moshe Mazor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

158 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at determining risk factors and pregnancy outcome in women with uterine rupture. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based study, comparing all singleton deliveries with and without uterine rupture between 1988 and 1999. RESULTS: Uterus rupture occurred in 0.035% (n = 42) of all deliveries included in the study (n = 117,685). Independent risk factors for uterine rupture in a multivariable analysis were as follows: previous cesarean section (odds ratio [OR] = 6.0, 95% CI 3.2-11.4), malpresentation (OR = 5.4, 95% CI 2.7-10.5), and dystocia during the second stage of labor (OR = 13.7, 95% CI 6.4-29.3). Women with uterine rupture had more episodes of postpartum hemorrhage (50.0% vs 0.4%, P < .01), received more packed cell transfusions (54.8% vs 1.5%, P < .01), and required more hysterectomies (26.2% vs 0.04%, P < .01). Newborn infants delivered after uterine rupture were more frequently graded Apgar scores lower than 5 at 5 minutes and had higher rates of perinatal mortality when compared with those without rupture (10.3% vs 0.3%, P < .01; 19.0% vs 1.4%, P < .01, respectively). CONCLUSION: Uterine rupture, associated with previous cesarean section, malpresentation, and second-stage dystocia, is a major risk factor for maternal morbidity and neonatal mortality. Thus, a repeated cesarean delivery should be considered among parturients with a previous uterine scar, whose labor failed to progress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1042-1046
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume189
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cesarean section
  • Maternal morbidity
  • Perinatal mortality
  • Uterine rupture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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