Uterine sarcoma in the south of Israel: Study of 36 cases

Benjamin Piura, Alex Rabinovich, Ilana Yanai-Inbar, Yoram Cohen, Marek Glezerman

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Uterine sarcomas are rare, characterized by rapid clinical progression and poor prognosis, and their management has been a challenge. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and histologic findings, treatment, and outcome of patients with uterine sarcoma in the south of Israel. Methods: Data from the files of 36 patients with uterine sarcoma who were managed at the Soroka Medical Center between January 1961 and December 1994 were evaluated. Results: The 5-year survival rate was 32% overall; 63% for 9 patients with endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS), 30% for 14 patients with mixed mesodermal sarcoma (MMS) and 18% for 13 patients with leiomyosarcoma (LMS); 41% for 22 patients with Stage I and 19% for 14 patients with Stages II, III, and IV. Only the difference in the 5-year survival rate between ESS and LMS was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Eleven patients (30.6%) were treated with surgery alone, 4 (11.1%) with surgery followed by pelvic radiotherapy, 11 (30.6%) with surgery followed by chemotherapy, 8 (22.2%) with surgery followed by pelvic radiotherapy and chemotherapy, one (2.8%) with chemotherapy alone, and one (2.8%) had no treatment. Conclusions: Uterine sarcomas are aggressive tumors with a poor prognosis. The treatment is surgery generally followed by adjuvant pelvic radiotherapy and/or systemic chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997

Keywords

  • carcinosarcoma
  • endometrial stromal sarcoma
  • leiomyosarcoma
  • mixed mesodermal sarcoma
  • rhabdomyosarcoma
  • uterine corpus

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