Utilizing the IAD index to determine internal quality attributes of apples at harvest and after storage

Juliana Nyasordzi, Haya Friedman, Zeev Schmilovitch, Timea Ignat, Asya Weksler, Illona Rot, Susan Lurie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


A hand-held instrument (DA Meter, Sinteleia, Bolonga, Italy) which measures chlorophyll nondestructively and gives an IAD index (index of the absorption difference between 670 and 720nm), was used to measure quality attributes of three cultivars of apples. A preharvest study conducted in a 'Starking' apple orchard found determination coefficients of r2 values of 0.79 to 0.64 between the IAD index and starch levels, firmness, TSS and TA of fruit. Three orchards of 'Starking', 'Granny Smith' and 'Pink Lady' apples were sampled during commercial harvest and the apples held in air storage for up to six months. The IAD index measured either at harvest or at removal from storage was correlated with TSS, TA and firmness of the apples. The r2 values were best for TSS (0.76) and poorest for firmness (0.51). Moreover, the measurement at harvest and at removal from storage gave similar prediction coefficients for quality attributes. This measurement can be used to sort at harvest for different quality classes after storage, or at removal from storage for different marketing classes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-86
Number of pages7
JournalPostharvest Biology and Technology
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Chlorophyll
  • Firmness
  • Nondestructive
  • Ripening
  • Starch
  • TA
  • TSS
  • VIS/NIR measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Horticulture


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