Sub-sea monitoring of floating oil production platforms is a crucial issue in the interests of security, efficient functioning and pollution prevention. Sensors and sensor networks are essential tools for implementing the monitoring operations and low-error data communication from the sensors and within the network is a critical element in these systems. Free space optics (FSO) has gained recognition in numerous applications as a high bandwidth, energy efficient communication medium and has recently been considered as a viable alternative to acoustic communications for underwater applications when high data rates are required over short transmission ranges. Video recording is a powerful method for gathering extensive data in time and space that requires broadband communication facilities, such as could be provided by FSO. However, the immense variability of background illumination in shallow waters, inducing shot noise at the receiver, presents a challenge for sub-sea FSO. This has stimulated us to investigate the potential of underwater FSO in the UV solarblind spectral range. The potential of UV solarblind optical wireless links for sub-sea FSO is investigated in this paper and compared with performance at 520nm. In clear ocean data rates of 100bps can be transmitted over distances of above 120m using 520nm radiation, but this range is reduced to around 10m in harbour waters for these data rates and to 50m in clear ocean when the data rate is increased to 100 Mbps. It is anticipated that ranges of 10m can also be obtained with UV solarblind wavelengths, although experimental corroboration is not yet available.
|Journal||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2008|
|Event||Unmanned/Unattended Sensors and Sensor Networks V - Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom|
Duration: 16 Sep 2008 → 18 Sep 2008
- Optical wireless communication
- Solar-blind UV
- Wireless sensor networks