Vaccine Hesitancy in Israel: Exploring the Relationships with Vaccination History, Knowledge, and Attitudes towards Influenza Vaccines

Keren Dopelt, Sophie Yukther, Tatyana Shmukler, Anuar Abudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Influenza vaccination is a highly effective strategy for mitigating all the repercussions of influenza infections. Despite the potential severity of influenza and the accessibility of secure vaccinations, worldwide rates of influenza vaccination continue to be low, particularly among students. This study examines the correlative relationships between influenza vaccine history, knowledge, attitudes toward influenza vaccines, and vaccine hesitancy among college students. To that end, we used an online questionnaire to conduct a cross-sectional study encompassing 610 students. A significant majority of participants reported having experienced influenza (82%), with slightly more than half having received influenza vaccinations in the past (57%). With respect to the current research year, health sciences students exhibited a higher likelihood of either having been vaccinated or intending to receive the vaccine than did their counterparts. Among students who had been vaccinated previously, approximately one-fifth opted for vaccination in the present year (21%). Similarly, 22% of the students whose parents were vaccinated chose to get vaccinated this year. Notable disparities in knowledge about influenza vaccines were observed across various departments, with health sciences students demonstrating the highest levels of awareness. Moreover, a negative relationship was found between knowledge, attitudes, and vaccine hesitancy. These results suggest that targeted lectures by professionals emphasizing vaccine safety and university-hosted events addressing this subject in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, incorporating influenza vaccination stations, could be instrumental in bolstering the vaccination rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-48
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • Israel
  • college students
  • influenza
  • knowledge and attitudes toward vaccines
  • vaccination history
  • vaccine hesitancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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