Vapor explosion of coolant jet when penetrating a hot molten metal

Y. Perets, R. Harari, E. Sher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The vapor explosion phenomenon is investigated experimentally for a geometrical arrangement in which a cold liquid (water) jet is injected into a hot liquid surface (tin). Medium-scale experiments using 1 kg of molten tin were performed in an open geometry experiment system. In the first phase of the research, the influence of the injection mass flow rate on the likelihood of vapor explosion was investigated in order to map the various relevant regimes. In the second phase, the influence of some selected parameters on the interaction was studied to characterize the relevant parameters of the vapor explosion phenomenon. The range of the initial tin and water temperatures that leads to vapor explosion has been determined in order to define the thermal interaction zone. It is noticed that vapor explosion can occur at high water temperatures even near the saturation point. The delay time for the explosion to occur and the degree of the interaction violence were correlated with the initial tin and water temperatures. We also clarified the triggering point and noted a correlation between the quench temperature and the likelihood of the vapor explosion occurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-244
Number of pages8
JournalNuclear Science and Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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