Vegetative and reproductive response to fruit load in two jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) cultivars

Aviad Perry, Noemi Tel-Zur, Arnon Dag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) is a wax crop cultivated mainly in arid and semi-arid regions. This crop has been described as an alternate-bearing plant, meaning that it has a high-yield year (“on-year”) followed by a low-yield year (“off-year”). We investigated the effect of fruit load on jojoba’s vegetative and reproductive development. For two consecutive years, we experimented with two high-yielding cultivars—Benzioni and Hazerim—which had opposite fruit loads, i.e., one was under an on-year load, while the other was under an off-year load simultaneously. We found that removing the developing fruit from the shoot during an off-year promotes further vegetative growth in the same year, whereas in an on-year, this action has no effect. Moreover, after fruit removal in an on-year, there was a delay in vegetative growth renewal in the consecutive year, suggesting that the beginning of the growing period is dependent on the previous year’s yield load. We found that seed development in the 2018 season started a month earlier than in the 2017 season in both cultivars, regardless of fruit load. This early development was associated with higher wax content in the seeds. Hence, the wax accumulation rate, as a percentage of dry weight, was affected by year and not by fruit load. However, on-year seeds stopped growing earlier than off-year seeds, resulting in smaller seeds and an overall lower amount of wax per seed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number889
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021


  • Alternate bearing
  • Jojoba
  • Seed development
  • Sink–source relationship
  • Vegetative growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Vegetative and reproductive response to fruit load in two jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) cultivars'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this