VENµS-Derived NDVI and REIP at Different View Azimuth Angles

Manuel Salvoldi, Yaniv Tubul, Arnon Karnieli, Ittai Herrmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) is crucial in determining the quantity of reflected light on the earth’s surface as a function of solar and view angles (i.e., azimuth and zenith angles). The Vegetation and ENvironment monitoring Micro-Satellite (VENµS) provides a unique opportunity to acquire data from the same site, with the same sensor, with almost constant solar and view zenith angles from two (or more) view azimuth angles. The present study was aimed at exploring the view angles’ effect on the stability of the values of albedo and of two vegetation indices (VIs): the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and the red-edge inflection point (REIP). These products were calculated over three polygons representing urban and cultivated areas in April, June, and September 2018, under a minimal time difference of less than two minutes. Arithmetic differences of VIs and a change vector analysis (CVA) were performed. The results show that in urban areas, there was no difference between the VIs, whereas in the well-developed field crop canopy, the REIP was less affected by the view azimuth angle than the NDVI. Results suggest that REIP is a more appropriate index than NDVI for field crop studies and monitoring. This conclusion can be applied in a constellation of satellites that monitor ground features simultaneously but from different view azimuth angles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number184
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2022


  • Albedo
  • BRDF
  • Change vector analysis
  • Precision agriculture
  • Vegetation indices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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