Vertex dynamics in multi-soliton solutions of Kadomtsev-Petviashvili II equation

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10 Scopus citations


A functional of the solution of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili II equation maps multi-soliton solutions onto systems of vertices - structures that are localized around soliton junctions. A solution with one junction is mapped onto a single vertex, which emulates a free, spatially extended, particle. In solutions with several junctions, each junction is mapped onto a vertex. Moving in the x-y plane, the vertices collide, coalesce upon collision and then split up. When well separated, they emulate free particles. Multi-soliton solutions, whose structure does not change under space-time inversion as |t|→∞, are mapped onto vertex systems that undergo elastic collisions. Solutions, whose structure does change, are mapped onto systems that undergo inelastic collisions. The inelastic vertex collisions generated from the infinite family of (M,1) solutions (M external solitons, (M-2) Y-shaped soliton junctions, M≤ 4) play a unique role: the only definition of vertex mass consistent with momentum conservation in these collisions is the spatial integral of the vertex profile. This definition ensures, in addition, that, in these collisions, the total mass and kinetic energy due to the motion in the y-direction are conserved. In general, the kinetic energy due to the motion in the x-direction is not conserved in these collisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1499-1523
Number of pages25
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • KP II equation
  • emulating particle collisions
  • line solitons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Applied Mathematics


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