Visual and satisfaction results with implantation of the trifocal Panoptix® intraocular lens in cataract surgery

Virgilio Galvis, Luis C. Escaf, Luis J. Escaf, Alejandro Tello, Lisi D. Rodríguez, Ruth Lapid-Gortzak, Néstor I. Carreño, Rubén D. Berrospi, Camilo A. Niño, Andreas Viberg, Paul A. Camacho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess visual results (including the Lapid-Kushlin defocus coefficient), and satisfaction, following the implantation of PanOptix® a trifocal intraocular lens. Methods: Observational, retrospective cohort study. 130 eyes of 65 subjects with bilateral implantation were included. Binocular uncorrected visual acuities [distance (Binocular UDVA), intermediate (Binocular UIVA) and near (Binocular UNVA)] were measured. Also, the manifest refraction, binocular defocus curve and binocular contrast sensitivity were determined. The Lapid-Kushlin defocus coefficient, a new single numerical parameter based on the area under the curve of the defocus curve, was calculated. The validated Spanish CATQUEST-9SF satisfaction survey was applied. Results: Postoperative visual acuity ranges were: binocular UDVA 0.18 to 0.0 LogMAR, binocular UIVA 0.30 to 0.0 LogMAR and Binocular UNVA 0.18 to 0.0 LogMAR. The levels of contrast sensitivity both in bright light conditions (with and without glare) and low light conditions with glare, remained within the limits of normality. Under scotopic conditions without glare values below normality were found at lower spatial frequencies. The binocular defocus curve showed a plateau without a clearly evident peak. The Lapid-Kushlin defocus coefficient was 0.199. Two patients (3.1%) needed glasses after the procedure for near and intermediate vision. No patient manifested great visual difficulties or was dissatisfied with the results. Conclusions: The trifocal platform showed very good results in this series of patients. 96.9% of the patients achieved independence of the glasses and expressed a high degree of satisfaction. The Lapid-Kushlin defocus coefficient was better than those calculated from literature, for other multifocal intraocular lenses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Optometry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Cataract surgery
  • Multifocal intraocular lens
  • Trifocal intraocular lens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Optometry


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