Na, K-ATPase and Mg-ATPase activities were measured in the synaptosomes of the temporal auditory projection area and the frontal association area. Moreover, the effects of carbacholine and serotonin on those activities were investigated. Na, K-ATPase activity in the synaptosomes of the association area was shown to be reliably higher that in the synaptosomes of the projection area (11.02 +/- 0.45 vs 8.40 +/- 0.55 microM Pi/mg of protein hr; P less than 0.05). Mg-ATPase activity was higher in the second case as compared to the first one (11.40 +/- 0.38 vs 9.04 +/- 0.35; p less than 0.05). Carbacholine and serotonin (10(-8)-10(-3) M) were found to induce equal inhibition of Na, K-ATPase activity in the synaptosomes of both cortices (1 max = 25-30%, 1C50 = 0.2-0.3 microM) which is blocked respectively with atropine (10(-6) M) and methysergide (10(-6) M) and enhanced in presence of GTP (5.10(-5) M). The enzyme activity is also inhibited by the non-hydrolysable guanine nucleotide, GTP gamma S (10(-8)-10(-4) M), in the absence of the antagonists (1 max = 35-40%, 1 C50 = 0.02 microM). In the methysergide-containing medium serotonin exerts a dose-dependent stimulatory effect on Na, K-ATPase which is more pronounced in the synaptosomes of the association area (A max = 25%, A C50 = 0.05 microM). Mg-ATPase activity of membrane preparations is liable to be stimulated by both serotonin and carbacholine, stimulation being more pronounced in the synaptosomes of the association cortex as well (A max = 35%, A C50 = 0.2-0.3 microM). This effect is insensitive either to the antagonists of the corresponding receptors or to GTP. GTP gamma S does not cause alterations in the enzymatic activity. Na, K-ATPase is suggested to be coupled to muscarine and serotonin receptors in the synaptic membranes of both projection and association cortical areas via a GTP-binding protein. At the same time, the agonists of receptors mentioned above are presumably also capable to effect Mg-ATPase activity by the receptor-independent way.
|Translated title of the contribution||Effect of carbacholine and serotonin on the ATPase activity in synaptosomes of the projection and association areas of the feline cerebral cortex|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Ukrainian Biochemical Journal|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 1991|
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