Volume changes in hydrogels subjected to finite deformations

A. D. Drozdov, J. De C. Christiansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Constitutive equations are derived for the elastic response of hydrogels under an arbitrary deformation with finite strains. An expression is proposed for the free energy density of a hydrogel based on the Flory concept of a network of flexible chains with constrained junctions whose reference configuration differs from the initial configuration of a fully swollen gel. Adjustable parameters in the stress-strain relations are found by fitting observations on poly(acrylamide) and gellan hydrogels under uniaxial tension and compression. The effect of elongation ratio on osmotic Poisson's ratio is examined numerically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-38
Number of pages6
JournalMechanics Research Communications
StatePublished - 29 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Constitutive modeling
  • Finite elasticity
  • Hydrogel
  • Swelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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