Water Purification: Algae in Wastewater Oxidation Ponds

Asher Brenner, Aharon Abeliovich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Waste stabilization ponds have been, for many years, a very common method of wastewater treatment, especially in warm climate areas. These are simple systems; the main advantage of which is the highly efficient destruction of pathogens. It is therefore recommended by the WHO as the process of choice in developing countries to protect human life with the limited resources and skills available. However, in developed countries due to the incomplete purification efficiency and the high consumption of land resources, these processes are gradually disappearing. Alga culture has attracted additional applications, for example, high-rate oxidation ponds, aimed at the exploitation of the high protein content of algae as fish and animal fodder, and for other purposes such as the recent pursuit for alternative biodiesel feedstocks. These applications, however, require high organic and nutrient loads, thereby contradicting the purpose of wastewater treatment. Other limitations such as uncontrolled environmental conditions, fluctuating growth of undesired algal species as well as harvesting difficulties have rendered these applications noneconomical.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Microalgal Culture
Subtitle of host publicationApplied Phycology and Biotechnology: Second Edition
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781118567166
ISBN (Print)9780470673898
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • microalgae
  • natural processes
  • oxidation ponds
  • photosynthesis
  • stabilization ponds
  • wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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