Water status of isolated Negev desert populations of Acacia raddiana with different mortality levels

Madan K. Shrestha, William D. Stock, David Ward, Avi Golan-Goldhirsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many populations of native Acacia raddiana trees in ephemeral riverbeds in the Negev desert are suffering from high mortality. Road-building techniques that cut off water to trees in downstream populations and the pumping of aquifers for agriculture have been mooted as causes of this mortality. We studied the water relations of nine isolated populations of these trees using a pressure chamber and stable carbon isotopes in order to determine whether current water stress could be the cause of this mortality. High mortality populations had more negative water potentials, lower relative water contents, and lower cell water volumes at full turgor than low mortality populations. Thus, mortality is correlated with current inter-population differences in water stress. However, there was no difference in water potentials between trees upstream and downstream of roads. Furthermore, greater water stress in trees after a dry winter than in the previous summer indicates that these trees are largely drawing on surface floods for water. Thus, road-building practices and aquifer pumping are unlikely causes of current water stress. Hence, water stress is linked to mortality in these trees, although our results indicate that irregular water stress (perhaps in drought years only) is probably the cause of this mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-307
Number of pages11
JournalPlant Ecology
Volume168
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Aug 2003

Keywords

  • Carbon isotopes
  • Cell water relations
  • Desert
  • Mortality
  • Water potential

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