What can parasitoid wasps teach us about decision-making in insects?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Millions of years of co-evolution have driven parasites to display very complex and exquisite strategies to manipulate the behaviour of their hosts. However, although parasite-induced behavioural manipulation is a widespread phenomenon, the underlying neuronal mechanisms are only now beginning to be deciphered. Here, we review recent advancements in the study of the mechanisms by which parasitoid wasps use chemical warfare to manipulate the behaviour of their insect hosts. We focus on a particular case study in which a parasitoid wasp (the jewel wasp Ampulex compressa) performs a delicate brain surgery on its prey (the American cockroach Periplaneta americana) to take away its motivation to initiate locomotion. Following a brief background account of parasitoid wasps that manipulate host behaviour, we survey specific aspects of the unique effects of the A. compressa venom on the regulation of spontaneous and evoked behaviour in the cockroach host.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume216
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Ampulex compressa
  • Behaviour
  • Motivation
  • Neuron
  • Periplaneta americana
  • Venom

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Insect Science

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