Wide distribution of granulophysin epitopes in granules of human tissues

L. Hatskelzon, B. I. Dalal, A. Shalev, C. Robertson, J. M. Gerrard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: The identification and characterization of granule membrane proteins are becoming increasingly important in understanding the packaging and secretory function of granules and characterizing diseases involving granules. A granule membrane protein, granulophysin, has recently been identified in the membranes of platelet dense granules, organelles that contain stored ADP, ATP, serotonin, and calcium. Antibodies that recognize granulophysin also stain granules of monocytes, neutrophils, and lymphokine activated killer cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In the present study, the distribution of epitopes recognized by antigranulophysin monoclonal antibodies in human tissues was investigated using immunohistochemistry on paraffin sections. Quantitation of the protein was also performed by enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay. The protein was also analyzed in various tissues using Western blotting. RESULTS: Granulophysin was localized to the granules of skin melanocytes, neurons, endocrine gland cells, exocrine glands (except mucin producing cells), and surface lining cells. Analysis by Western blots revealed a typical staining pattern for granulophysin in lung, adrenal gland, liver, brain, prostate, and pituitary. Atypical bands were present in the pancreas head (47 kDa) and skeletal muscle (34 kDa). A clear distinction was demonstrated between granulophysin and synaptophysin through both immunochemistry and blotting, despite the known cross-reactivity of these two proteins. CONCLUSIONS: The findings demonstrate that granulophysin is a widely distributed protein that is frequently associated with granules. We speculate that it may be critical in granule function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-519
Number of pages11
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • Endocrine
  • Exocrine
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Secretory vesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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