Women, Gender, and the Revocation of Citizenship in the United States

Ben Herzog, Julia Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Taking away citizenship, as an extreme measure, defines its boundaries by specifying acts that are deemed nationally desirable and undesirable. The history of expatriation in the United States serves as a case study for the interaction between gender and the limits of modern citizenship status. Citizenship laws and mechanisms of revocation in the United States were explicitly patriarchal until 1922; until then, women lost their citizenship on marriage to a foreign citizen. The laws regarding revocation of citizenship have continued to target prototypically masculine behaviors, particularly those bearing on the military defense of the state. Since the 1920s moment, women in the United States exist in a contradictory citizenship regime: paradoxically endowed with relative immunity from certain forms of regulation and punishment as their status as active political individuals remains a site of struggle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-31
Number of pages17
JournalSocial Currents
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2018


  • crime
  • deviance
  • human rights
  • law
  • peace
  • political sociology
  • sex and gender
  • social conflict
  • war

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'Women, Gender, and the Revocation of Citizenship in the United States'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this