XV. brain stimulation therapeutics

Xingbao Li, Mark S. George, Abraham Zangen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This chapter covers how repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) or transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) presently affects smoking cessation. 14 human studies have examined the efficacy of rTMS on cue craving, cigarette consumption, or smoking cessation using a variety of different coils, locations, and treatment parameters. These studies included 7 randomized-controlled trials (RCT) and 7 experimental studies. Most studies (12/14) reported that rTMS reduced cue-induced craving, 5 showed that it decreased cigarette consumption, and 3/4 reported that multiple sessions of rTMS increased the quit rate. In contrast to rTMS, tDCS has 6 RCT studies, of which only 2 studies reported that tDCS reduced craving, and only 1 reported that it reduced cigarette consumption. Three studies failed to find an effect of tDCS on cravings. No tDCS studies reported changing quitting rates in people who smoke. Despite the early positive results of tDCS on nicotine dependence symptoms, 2 larger RCTs recently failed to find a therapeutic effect of tDCS for smoking cessation. In conclusion, rTMS studies demonstrate that multiple sessions help quit smoking, and it has gained FDA approval for that purpose. However, more studies are needed to examine the effect of tDCS with different treatment parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100080
JournalAddiction Neuroscience
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)


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