Yielding in an amorphous solid subject to constant stress at finite temperatures

Haiyan Xu, Juan Carlos Andresen, Ido Regev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Understanding the nature of the yield transition is a long-standing problem in the physics of amorphous solids. Here we use molecular dynamics simulations to study the response of amorphous solids to constant stresses at finite temperatures. We compare amorphous solids that are prepared using fast and slow quenches and show that for thermal systems, the steady-state velocity exhibits a continuous transition from very slow creep to a finite strain rate as a function of the stress. This behavior is observed for both well-annealed and poorly annealed systems. However, the transient dynamics is different in the latter and involves overcoming an energy barrier. Due to the different simulation protocol, the strain rate as a function of stress and temperature follows a scaling relation that is different from the ones that are shown for systems where the strain is controlled. Collapsing the data using this scaling relation allows us to calculate critical exponents for the dynamics close to yield, including an exponent for thermal rounding. We also demonstrate that strain slips due to avalanche events above yield follow standard scaling relations and we extract critical exponents that are comparable to the ones obtained in previous studies that performed simulations of both molecular dynamics and elastoplastic models using strain-rate control.

Original languageEnglish
Article number052604
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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