Young Infants' Morbidity and Exposure to Fine Particles in a Region with Two Power Plants

Ronit Peled, Dina Pilpel, Arkadi Bolotin, Leon Epstein, Haim Bibi, Michael Friger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in ambient air on hospital admissions and emergency room (ER) visits among young children (0–3 yr) residing in 4 communities in southern Israel, within an area 5–25 km from the 2 power plants, which operate within 25 km of each other. Daily records of hospitalizations and ER visits for respiratory diseases at the 3 hospitals serving the region were examined for 9 mo, October 1, 2000-June 30, 2001. Mean PM2.5 concentrations for the four communities ranged from 11.6 to 28.1 μmlg/m3. Time series analysis revealed a statistically significant association (p < 0.05) between the numbers of hospitalizations and ER visits for respiratory symptoms and concentrations of PM2.5. This effect was evaluated for 0–3 lag days, directly, and for interactions with temperatures and seasonal parameters. The respiratory health of young children may be affected by 24 hr concentrations of PM2.5 < 60 μmlg/m3, the threshold proposed by both Israel and the United States.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-616
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Environmental Health
Volume59
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Children
  • Environmental exposure
  • Particulate matter
  • Pm
  • Respiratory symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Environmental Science
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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