Zooplankton contribution to the particulate N and P in Lake Kinneret, Israel, under changing water levels

Tamar Rachamim, Noga Stambler, Tamar Zohary, Ilana Berman-Frank, Gideon Gal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The association of water level changes and the relative (%) contributions of crustacean zooplankton to particulate N (PNz) and particulate P (PPz) in Lake Kinneret, Israel were studied. The PNz and PPz were assessed for a period of 10 years (1999-2008) in relation to water level (WL) changes which occurred during that period. We estimated PNz and PPz, based on crustacean N and P content measured seasonally over 2 years, and a 10-year record of zooplankton densities. Mean cladoceran N and P contents were 8.7 and 1.2% of dry weight, respectively, while for copepods they were 9.5 and 1.5% of dry weight, respectively. Zooplankton density, and hence PNz and PPz, changed dramatically during the 10 years, concurrent with extreme variations in the lake's WL. The lowest mean values of PNz and PPz occurred during high WL years and the highest PNz and PPz were during low WL years. PNz and PPz were negatively correlated with the total PN and PP concentrations, respectively, in the lake. The reduction in zooplankton contribution to the particulate N and P during high WL is probably due to higher loading of particulate matter in wet years, causing an increase of PN and PP concentration in the lake, as well as lower densities of zooplankton, caused by higher fish predation pressure, both are a by-product of the large water influx during extreme wet winters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-135
Number of pages15
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Cladoceran
  • Copepod
  • N-content
  • P-content
  • Stoichiometry
  • Zooplankton N:P

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science


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